Sigma 40mm f1.4 Art review
Written by Thomas
The Sigma 40mm f1.4 Art is a short standard prime lens designed to cover full-frame sensors and available in Nikon F, Canon EF and Sigma mounts with native Sony E and Leica L versions arriving later in 2019. Announced in September 2018, it’s Sigma’s 10th large aperture full-frame lens in the renown Art series ranging from 14mm up to 135mm focal length.
On a full-frame camera the Sigma 40mm f1.4 Art delivers a field-of-view that’s 10 degrees wider than the standard 50mm lens (57 vs 47 degrees) and 7 degrees narrower than from a 35mm lens. It can still be considered a “normal” lens as its 40mm focal length is indeed closer to the 43mm diagonal of a full-frame sensor than a 50mm lens is. So images shot with this lens should produce a very natural and immersive perspective when viewed from a standard distance (equal to the diagonal of the print or monitor/screen). Use it on an APSC crop sensor and the Sigma 40mm f1.4 Art delivers a field of view that is equivalent to a 60mm lens. Combined with a bright f1.4 focal ratio it is ideal for available-light use and should also deliver shallow depth-of-field effects and background blur that are slightly better than from a 50mm f1.8 lens.
To find out whether the optical performance of the new 40mm f1.4 Art makes it a worthy member of Sigma’s Art line I tested it on a 46MP Nikon Z7 (with FTZ-adapter) and compare it against the Zeiss 40mm f2.0 Batis and the Sony 35mm f1.4 ZA shot on the 42MP Sony A7R II body.
Facts from the catalog
As usual I’ll have a look at the technical data of the Sigma 40mm f1.4 Art first. I’ve rated the features with a [+] (or [++]), when it’s better than average or even state of the art, a  if it’s standard or just average, and [-] if there’s a disadvantage. For comparison I use the Sony 35mm f1.4 ZA and the Zeiss 40mm f2.0 Batis (“Sony ZA” resp. “Zeiss Batis” for short).
Size (diameter x length): With a diameter of 88mm (3.5in.) the length of the lens varies with the mount: with a Nikon F-mount it’s 129mm (5.1in.), with a Sony E-mount it’s 157mm (6.2in.). Put a Nikon FTZ-adapter on the F-mount version to shoot on a Nikon Z body and you end up with 159mm length. The lens hood adds 50mm (2.0in.) and is 106mm in diameter bringing the total length to a massive 21cm (8.2in.) in front of a modern mirrorless body. This is a huge lens even topping the monstrous Zeiss Otus lenses in length and clearly showing its heritage as a DSLR design that has to cope with the larger flange distances. The Sony ZA is not a small lens either but at 79 x 112mm plus 37mm for the lens hood (98mm diameter) it looks small in comparison. And the Zeiss Batis is even smaller at 81 x 87mm + 40mm for the lens hood (91mm diameter). [-]
Weight: 1177g (42 oz.) in the F-mount version plus 61g for the lens hood. Sigma does not list the weight of the E-mount version which has a 28mm longer “throat” but I assume that’s an additional 100g. If you use the F-mount lens on a Nikon Z body the FTZ-adapter adds 133g (4.7 oz.). The Sony ZA is only half as heavy at 630g (22 oz.) plus 30g lens hood. The Zeiss Batis is incredibly light in comparison at only 362g (13 oz.) plus 32g for the lens hood. But then it has a one stop slower focal ratio. [-]
Optics: The lens is a pretty complex design with 16 elements (including 6 special dispersion elements and one aspherical element) in 12 groups. That makes 24 glass/air surfaces where reflections can cause problems. There’s fluorine coating on the front to repel water, dust, and dirt and should make for easier cleaning. The Sony ZA has 12 elements in 8 groups, the Zeiss Batis has 9 elements in 8 groups. [+]
Closest focus distance is 0.36m (14in.) in manual focus with a magnification of 1:5.6. This results in a working distance of 18cm when the lens hood is removed. A magnification of 1:10 is achieved at 0.55m distance. The Sony ZA achieves a similar magnification of 1:5.3 but the Zeiss Batis goes down to 1:3.1 at 0.24m with a working distance of 14cm. 
Filter-thread: 82mm, so you possibly need new expensive filters. The Sony ZA takes smaller/cheaper 72mm filters, the Zeiss Batis 67mm. 
Image stabilization: No optical stabilization of the lens. The Sony A7 or Nikon Z bodies provide built-in sensor-shift stabilization. Same with the Sony ZA and the Zeiss Batis. 
Auto focus: Built-in AF drive. Manual-focus override is by simply turning the focus ring. The focus ring has a direct linear mechanical coupling between the focus ring and the focus action and offers distance and dof markings. The Zeiss Batis offers a display for focus distance and depth of field and its gearing is non-linear: this allows for even more precise manual focus when turned slowly but makes smooth focus pulling for videographers almost impossible. Focus on the Sony ZA works the same as with the Zeiss Batis but it has no display of distance or dof. [+]
Covers full frame/FX or smaller. Same with the competition. [+]
Price: The lens currently sells for 1200 EUR (incl. 19% VAT) / 1400 USD. The Sony ZA is the most expensive lens in this trio at 1500 EUR/USD with the Zeiss Batis in between at 1300 EUR/USD. 
The Sigma Art lens comes with a padded pouch plus strap and the lens hood is included. It is reversible for transport and has a locking mechanism to prevent it from accidentally falling off. The Sony ZA has a soft pouch and the lens hood has no lock. The Zeiss Batis comes with the lens hood but without a pouch. [+]
Sigma’s service can change the mount of the lens between Nikon, Canon, Sony, Sigma, and L-mount (at a cost). This is a unique feature that no other manufacturer offers. [++]
Aperture ring: no, just like the Zeiss Batis. The Sony ZA offers an aperture ring with 1/3 stop clicks which can be turned off for continuous, smooth, and noise-free operation. 
Sealing: yes, a rubber grommet at the lens-mount plus further special weather-sealing throughout the construction, just like the Zeiss Batis. The Sony ZA is similarly sealed inside but lacks the rubber sealing at the lens-mount. [+]
The score in the “features-department” is 2[-]/5/7[+], the most distinguishing features of the lens being its huge size and heavy weight – unfortunately. On a mirrorless body it looks and feels grotesquely unbalanced with the lens weighing twice as much as the body. On the positive side the lens seems well built and its coating and weather sealing should make for trouble-free operation under demanding conditions. Plus Sigma offers the unique option to get the lens-mount swapped.
If you want a 40mm lens with an f1.4 focal ratio and autofocus there is no alternative. The closest is a 35mm f1.4 lens or slower or manual focus lenses.
- Sigma offers the AF 35mm 1.4 DG HSM Art for a relatively low price of 750 EUR / 900 USD. It’s an optical design from 2012 for DSLRs which is also available in E-mount since 2018. See my Sigma 35mm f1.4 Art review where it came Highly Recommended when tested on a 36MP Nikon D800. At 755g for E-mount and 665g for F-mount the lens it’s much lighter than Sigma’s 40mm f1.4 Art.
- For E-mount there’s the Sony 35mm f1.4 ZA (1500 EUR/USD). My complete Sony 35mm f1.4 ZA review is coming soon.
- Also for E-mount Zeiss has the 40mm f2.0 CF Batis from 2018 for 1300 EUR/USD. Its one stop slower focal ratio is the biggest disadvantage over f1.4 primes. The CF moniker stands for “close focus”. Check back soon for my upcoming Zeiss 40mm f2.0 Batis review.
- Voigtländer offers the SL II Ultron 40mm f2.0 from 2012 which is a very small and light (63 x 25mm, 200g) pancake lens but manual focus only. Its native mounts are Nikon F or Canon EF but it can be used via an EF to E-Mount adapter on a Sony A7 body too. The lens sells for 530 EUR / 420 USD. Plus there’s the Nokton 40mm f1.2 for E-Mount for 1100 EUR/USD. Again, it’s manual focus only.
- Samyang/Rokinon/Walimex has a 35mm f1.4 AS UMC manual focus lens from 2011 that’s also available for Sony E-Mount (around 450 EUR / 400 USD). Plus there’s a newer version from 2017 for E-mount only that can autofocus (550 EUR / 530USD).
If you’re unsure of how big the differences between 50mm, 40mm, 35mm and even 28mm focal length are, here is the angle of view that the Sigma 40mm f1.4 Art covers on a full-frame body compared to the Sony 35mm f1.4 ZA:
Compare this to a 28mm and a 50mm lens:
Focus accuracy and repeatability is critical to consistently produce sharp shots especially with large aperture lenses. Repeatability (the accuracy of focus on the same subject after repeated focus-acquisition) of this lens is very good (measured 99.4% in Reikan FoCal) with no outliers over a series of 40 shots. And there is no focus variation whether the lens focuses from a closer distance or from infinity.
The lens focuses in around 0.7 sec on a Nikon Z7 (with FTZ-adapter) from infinity to 0.55m (1:10 magnification), which is quite fast. But both the Sony ZA (0.5 sec) and the Zeiss Batis (0.3 sec) were clearly faster on the Sony A7R II body. The focus ring is 40mm wide and easy to grip. But its movement is a bit stiff and cannot easily be operated with one finger. The Sony ZA and the Zeiss Batis both operate focus by wire and their focus rings turn much more smoothly.
AF-operation of the lens is audible from the outside and if you record video with the built-in microphone the AF-drive produces some sound although not too annoying. As you pull focus, you’ll notice some focus breathing: the image becomes 5% more magnified when I adjusted the focus from infinity to 0.55m. This could be distracting when shooting videos. The Sony ZA and the Zeiss Batis increase their magnification by 6% and their focus is completely quiet.
Next check out my quality results!Check prices on the Sigma 40mm f1.4 ART at Amazon, B&H, Adorama or WEX! Alternatively get yourself a copy of my In Camera book or treat me to a coffee! Thanks!