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Nikon COOLPIX P600 Ken McMahon, June 2014
 
 

Nikon COOLPIX P600 vs Sony HX400V JPEG Quality

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To compare real-life performance I shot this scene with the Nikon COOLPIX P600 and Sony Cyber-shot HX400V within a few moments of each other using their best quality JPEG settings.

Both cameras were set to their maximum wide angle 24mm equivalent focal length.

I'd previously determined the best results on the COOLPIX P600 were produced at the maximum f3.3 aperture, so for this test I set the COOLPIX P600 to f3.3 in Aperture priority mode. The Sony HX400V was set to its maximum aperture of f2.8. For this test the cameras were mounted on a tripod. Image stabilisation can't be disabled on the HX400V, so was left on the default intelligent Active setting, but was disabled on the COOLPIX P600.

  Nikon COOLPIX P600 results
1 COOLPIX P600 Quality
2 COOLPIX P600 Noise
3 COOLPIX P600 Sample images

The image above was taken with the COOLPIX P600. The camera was set to Aperture priority mode and at f3.3 with the sensitivity manually set to 100 ISO the COOLPIX P600 selected a shutter speed of 1/1250. The HX400V, set to f2.8 at 80 ISO metered a shutter speed of 1/1600. As usual the crops are taken from the areas marked in red above.

At first glance, crops from the COOLPIX P600 look pretty impressive; for a compact sensor paired with a lens with such a long zoom range you might expect to pick up on something awry, but even the first crop from close to the frame edge looks reasonably sharp and detailed. The P600's 60x zoom is the first COOLPIX model to use a Nikon super ED lens element which helps to correct for chromatic aberration; it's certainly done the job as there's no hint of colour fringing in any of these crops.

The two crops from closer to the centre of the frame are hard to fault, there's not as much detail in the church tower as you might expect, but this may have more to do with the lighting than lens and sensor performance, it looks like a rogue cloud may have caste a shadow at the moment I took this shot. Otherwise crops two and three show plenty of fine detail with nice clean edges. Finally the fourth crop from the right hand side of the frame is, like the first one, a little softer than those from the middle and suffering from just a little bi of distortion. Overall though, this is a great result for the COOLPIX P600 with consistently good quality right across the frame.

So how does it compare with the Sony HX400V? The first thing to note is that the 16.1 Megapixel sensor in the COOLPIX P600 produces a larger crop area with smaller detail than the 20.4 Megapixel sensor in the Sony HX400V. The first crop from the COOLPIX P600 looks cleaner and more detailed to me. And so does the second one. The COOLPIX P600 has overexposed slightly, so there's less detail in the highlights, but the edges look crisper to me. Conversely there seems to be less detail in the third crop, but the P600 just edges it in the final one. In practical terms terms this is a small difference which is hard to spot even at 100 percent viewing size, but I think the lower resolution COOLPIX P600 just about wins out.

Scroll down the page to see how these models compare when zoomed in to 600mm and 1200mm equivalent focal lengths. Alternatively, to see how they compare at higher sensitivities check out my Nikon COOLPIX P600 Noise results.


Nikon P600 JPEG
 
Sony HX400V JPEG
f3.3, 100 ISO
f2.8, 80 ISO
f3.3, 100 ISO
f2.8, 80 ISO
f3.3, 100 ISO
f2.8, 80 ISO
f3.3, 100 ISO
f2.8, 80 ISO

 

Nikon COOLPIX P600 vs Sony Cyber-shot HX400V Quality at approx 600mm

 
 

For this next test I zoomed both cameras in to an equivalent focal length of around 600mm. At this setting the widest available aperture on both cameras is f5.6. As usual, the crops are taken from the areas marked by the red rectangles above.

At 600mm equivalent the COOLPIX P600 loses a little of its definition and sharpness. Fine detail isn't as clearly resolved as at the 24mm equivalent focal length and high contrast edges are less well defined. As in the previous set of crops, there's a slight deterioration from the centre to the edge of the frame, but there's no sign of colour fringing or distortion - compare the sill below the balcony rails in crop three with the Crop form the Sony HX400V.

As before, the 16.1 Megapixel sensor in the COOLPIX P600 produces a larger crop area with smaller detail than the 20.4 Megapixel sensor in the Sony HX400V. Despite that, as before, I think there's marginally more detail in the COOLPIX P600 crops; the detail looks less clumpy, and edges look sharper and straighter. I'll re-iterate, this is only likely to make a difference at, or close to 100 percent viewing sizes, but the COOLPIX P600 still has the edge. Scroll down further for a comparison at close to 1200mm, or check out my Nikon P600 noise results!

Nikon P600 JPEG
 
Sony HX400V JPEG
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 80 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 80 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 80 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 80 ISO

 

Nikon COOLPIX P600 vs Sony Cyber-shot HX400V Quality at approx 1200mm

 
 

For this final test I zoomed both cameras in to 1200mm equivalent - the maximum zoom on the Sony HX400V, but a little short of the COOLPIX P600's 1440mm maximum zoom. Again, the exposure was left in Aperture priority mode and this focal length the widest available aperture was f6 on the COOLPIX P600 and f6.3 on the HX400V. As usual, the crops are taken from the areas marked by the red rectangles.

We're a little short of the Nikon P600's maximum 1440mm telephoto focal length here and the quality is holding up well. Compared the the 600mm crops these look a little softer, so again, there's less detail and the edges are less well defined. At close to the maximum focal length there's actually very little difference between the quality at the edge compared to the centre of the frame.

Once again, I think the Nikon COOLPIX P600's lower resolution 16.1 Megapixel sensor has a slight quality advantage at this focal length with less noise, clearer image detail and sharper edges. And once again the COOLPIX P600's lens is free from the colour fringing manifested by the HX400V which you can see in the first two crops. And, of course, this isn't the end of the line for the COOLPIX P600 which can zoom in a little further to an equivalent 1440mm. Now check out my Nikon P600 noise results.

Nikon P600 JPEG
 
Sony HX400V JPEG
f6, 100 ISO
f6.3, 80 ISO
f6, 100 ISO
f6.3, 80 ISO
f6, 100 ISO
f6.3, 80 ISO
f6, 100 ISO
f6.3, 80 ISO


Nikon COOLPIX P600 results : Quality / Noise


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