Canon EOS T5 1200D Ken McMahon, June 2014

Canon EOS T5 1200D vs Nikon D3300 vs Sony Alpha A3000 JPEG Quality

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To compare real-life performance I shot this scene with the Canon EOS T5 / 1200D, the Nikon D3300, and the Sony A3000 within a few moments of each other using their best quality JPEG settings.

All three cameras were fitted with their respective 18-55mm f3.5-5.6 kit zooms and were adjusted to provide the same vertical angle of view.

For this test all three cameras were mounted on a tripod and set to Aperture Priority exposure mode. Image stabilisation was turned off and the camera settings were otherwise left on the defaults.

  Canon EOS T5 / 1200D results
1 Canon EOS T5 / 1200D JPEG Quality
2 Canon EOS T5 / 1200D RAW Quality
3 Canon EOS T5 / 1200D JPEG Noise
4 Canon EOS T5 / 1200D RAW Noise
5 Canon EOS T5 / 1200D Sample images

The image above was taken with the Canon EOS T5 / 1200D. I'd previously determined that the best results with the T5 / 1200D were produced with the lens set to f5.6 so I chose this in Aperture Priority mode; the camera metered 1/800 at 100 ISO. The Nikon D3300 and the Sony A3000 were also set to their base 100 ISO sensitivity settings and in Aperture Priority mode at f5.6 they too metered the same 1/800 shutter speed. As usual the 100 percent crops below are taken from the areas marked in red above.

The EOS T5 / 1200D has produced a respectable set of results for an entry level DSLR with an APS-C sensor. Though there's variation across the frame from the edge to the centre, the first crop from the left edge of the frame is actually pretty crisp. The white window frames are a little on the soft side and there's a tiny bit of colour fringing just visible, but the edges are well defined.

The second crop is from close to the middle of the frame and the acid test here is whether you can tell the time on the church clock, I reckon you can quite easily make out that it's around twenty past eleven. There's a good level of detail in this crop, but it still looks a little on the soft side to me. The third crop shows the lighthouse and though you can make out the separate lamphouse at the top of the white column, the edges aren't as sharp as they might be and there's a slight red fringe to the right of the lighthouse.

In the final crop from the right edge of the frame the detail is visibly softer than in the centre and the chromatic aberration is back, though again the fringing is only just noticeable. So a good set of results overall for the T5 / 1200D, marred just a little by the overall softness. I suspect the T5 / 1200D's sensor would produce more detailed results with a better lens, though it's possible some of the softness is a consequence of the in-camera JPEG processing, how much will become apparent in my RAW tests on the next page.

Comparatively, the Nikon D3300's crops overall look a little sharper and more detailed than those from the T5 / 1200D. As well as a higher 24 Megapixel resolution producing a smaller crop area with bigger detail note that the D3300 dispenses with the optical low pass filter which is undoubtedly contributing to the improved sharpness. Similarly, the Sony A3000's 20 Megapixel sensor results in a slightly smaller crop area but in terms of quality its results look fairly evenly matched with those from the T5 / 1200D. One exception is the first crop which suffers quite bad blurring on the A3000. Conversely, the fourth crop from the right edge of the frame looks a little sharper than the equivalent crop from the T5 / 1200D.

To see what benefit shooting in RAW can have now take a look at my T5 / 1200D RAW quality page. Or to see how these models compare at higher sensitivities check out my T5 / 1200D Noise results.

Canon EOS T5 / 1200D
With EF-S 18-55mm III
Nikon D3300
With DX 18-55mm VR
Sony A3000
With 18-55mm OSS
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO
f5.6, 100 ISO

Canon EOS T5 / 1200D results : Quality / Noise

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