Here in the UK a resolution or a New Years resolution is something that we make for the following year, for example someone's resolution may be that they want to give up smoking, it could also be something that you want to take up,achieve, like a language.
1 her resolution not to smoke intention, resolve, decision, intent, aim, plan; commitment, pledge, promise.
2 the committee passed the resolution motion, proposal, proposition, resolve.
3 she handled the work with resolution determination, purpose, purposefulness, resolve, resoluteness, single-mindedness, firmness, firmness of purpose; steadfastness, staunchness, perseverance, persistence, indefatigability, tenacity, tenaciousness, staying power, dedication, commitment; stubbornness, doggedness, obstinacy, obduracy; boldness, spiritedness, braveness, bravery, courage, pluck, grit, courageousness; informal guts, spunk; formal pertinacity. See note at courage .
4 a satisfactory resolution of the problem solution to, answer to, end to, ending to, settlement of, conclusion to.