You certainly can within some limits. For more on the scope I got first see here
. I should add more examples of terrestrial photos there...
The question is how long and how fast do you want to go? That will determine the size of the scope. The one I got is a 4 inch Maksutov-Cassegrain design, which gives a small size for the focal length, but do not tend to be very bright. Mine is 1325mm f/13. In the similar type at bigger sizes tend to be Schmidt-Cassegrain types.
You can go bigger and/or cheaper with Newtonian designs, but they are physically very BIG.
In all the above cases, you can get either dedicated adapters for the scope, or a generic eyepiece adapter. Generally both will need a T-ring to suit the camera.
The camera would be operating in manual mode only. You can't vary the aperture so if you ever need less light you will need to add ND filters.
Focus will be manual too. And you will need a very stable platform at longer focal lengths as even small vibrations will cause big movements in the image.